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You Are Here: Locations > Japan > Geography

Japan

GEOGRAPHY
Location:
  Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula
Geographic Coordinates:
  36 00 N, 138 00 E
Map References:
  Asia
Area:
  total: 377,835 sq km
land: 374,744 sq km
water: 3,091 sq km
note: includes Bonin Islands (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto)
Area - Comparative:
  slightly smaller than California
Land Boundaries:
  0 km
Coastline:
  29,751 km
Maritime Claims:
  exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait
Climate:
  varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north
Terrain:
  mostly rugged and mountainous
Land Use:
  arable land: 11%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 2%
forests and woodland: 67%
other: 19% (1993 est.)
Irrigated Land :
  27,820 sq km (1993 est.)
Natural Hazards:
  many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis
Environment - Current Issues:
  air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere
Geography - Notes:
  strategic location in northeast Asia


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